A creamy texture and aroma can be easily found in the original cuisines of the state. [549] Greenfield International Stadium at located at Kariavattom in Thiruvananthapuram city, is India's first DBOT (design, build, operate and transfer) model outdoor stadium and it has hosted international cricket matches and international football matches including 2015 SAFF Championship. [122], By the end of 18th century, the whole of Kerala fell under the control of the British, either administered directly or under suzerainty. It campaigns for increased awareness of LGBT people and sensitisation concerning healthcare services, workplace policies and educational curriculum. 47. [521] These elephants are mainly employed for the processions and displays associated with festivals celebrated all around the state. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan, Dravidian, Arab, and European cultures,[21] developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India and abroad. The peak reaches an incredible height of 8133 feet and is the highest point on the Western Ghats. Some occupational communities such as Kaniyar were known as native medicine men in relation to the practice of such streams of medical systems, apart from their traditional vocation. We are a page you will get I am back with ( BITCOIN ) WHATS Kerala Whatsapp Group and know more about related stuff on our bitcoin whatsapp groups we another set of BTC free. I can't and bypass ISP throttling. 79. [320] Kerala's coastal regions are the most densely settled with population of 2022 persons per km2, 2.5 times the overall population density of the state, 859 persons per km2, leaving the eastern hills and mountains comparatively sparsely populated. Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity. [225][226] The KSIDC has promoted more than 650 medium and large manufacturing firms in Kerala, creating employment for 72,500 people. This figure is more than Punjab and Haryana. The Portuguese took advantage of the rivalry between the Zamorin and the King of Kochi allied with Kochi. There is a large Keralan diaspora in the Middle East. Kerala is the first baby-friendly state in the world. It is not just the first state of India to have a completely beggar-free capital city, it is also the first state to be titled … [300][301] Major railway transport between Beypore–Tirur began on 12 March 1861, from Shoranur–Cochin Harbour section in 1902, from Kollam–Sengottai on 1 July 1904, Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram on 4 January 1918, from Nilambur-Shoranur in 1927, from Ernakulam–Kottayam in 1956, from Kottayam–Kollam in 1958, from Thiruvananthapuram–Kanyakumari in 1979 and from the Thrissur-Guruvayur Section in 1994. Great Indian Hornbill is the official bird of Kerala. Jothi Venkatachalam was the first woman chancellor and governor of Kerala. Mattupetti was the first concrete dam built in Kerala. See Sahyadri Kanda Chapter 7 in Skanda Purana. 65. The Grand Kerala Shopping Festival (GKSF) was started in 2007, covering more than 3000 outlets across the nine cities of Kerala with huge tax discounts, VAT refunds and huge array of prizes. [358][359] In 2019, Kerala recorded the highest child sex abuse complaints in India. [350] Outbreaks of water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis, and typhoid among the more than 50% of people who rely on 3 million water wells is an issue worsened by the lack of sewers. [385] Kerala has the largest population of Christians in India. There is only one cantonment in Kerala. [109] An agreement, known as "Treaty of Mavelikkara", was signed by the Dutch and Travancore in 1753, according to which the Dutch were compelled to detach from all political involvement in the region. The town of Pathanamthitta has a literacy rate of 97.42%. [57] The Land of Keralaputra was one of the four independent kingdoms in southern India during Ashoka's time, the others being Chola, Pandya, and Satiyaputra. He describes Kozhikode as "one of the great ports of the district of Malabar" where "merchants of all parts of the world are found". Instead, the term "transgender" should be used. [185] The Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation is the largest corporation in Kerala while Kochi metropolitan area named Kochi UA is the largest urban agglomeration. [352] The state also is regarded as the "least corrupt Indian state" according to the surveys conducted by CMS Indian Corruption Study (CMS-ICS)[353] Transparency International (2005)[354] and India Today (1997). People belonging to different religions can be found in its every nook and corner. [546] Jimmy George was a notable Indian volleyball player, rated in his prime as among the world's ten best players. Sasthamkota is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala. The Hindu is the most read English language newspaper in the state, followed by The New Indian Express. As per the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) survey conducted by the Registrar General of India, the mortality rate of the state is 10 per 1,000 live births. This article is about the Indian state. 30. [548] The Indian Hockey team captain P. R. Shreejesh, ace goalkeeper hails from Kerala. Kerala's coastal belt of Karunagappally is known for high background radiation from thorium-containing monazite sand. Multi system operators provide a mix of Malayalam, English and international channels via cable television. Katz 200/* Religion */ 0; Koder 1973; Menachery 1998. [233]) By 1999–2000, the rural and urban poverty rates dropped to 10.0% and 9.6% respectively.[234]. [323]:10–12, There is a tradition of matrilineal inheritance in Kerala, where the mother is the head of the household. [562] Kerala tourism is a global brand and regarded as one of the destinations with highest recall. CMS College, Kottayam, established in 1817, is the first western-style college, and one of the oldest colleges, in India. Neendakara was the first coastal police station in Kerala. Ramanathaiyer, Sundar, and Stewart MacPherson. This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 16:35. [96] Ma Huan (1403 AD), the Chinese sailor part of the Imperial Chinese fleet under Cheng Ho (Zheng He)[97] states the city as a great emporium of trade frequented by merchants from around the world. Kerala is one of the cleanest states in India. - Quora Kerala - Reddit. [311] Kannur had an airstrip used for commercial aviation as early as 1935 when Tata airlines operated weekly flights between Mumbai and Thiruvananthapuram – stopping at Goa and Kannur. In 2015 Kerala became the first "complete digital state" by implementing e-governance initiatives. 99. [302] The Nilambur–Shoranur line is one of the shortest broad gauge railway lines in India. [532] Unlike in many other states, the urban-rural divide is not visible in Kerala with respect to mobile phone penetration. [49][50] Archaeological studies have identified Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites in Kerala. Named as one of the ten paradises of the world by National Geographic Traveler, Kerala is famous especially for its ecotourism initiatives and beautiful backwaters. "A Marxist Paradise For Women?" [324] Opportunities for women such as education and gainful employment often translate into a lower birth rate,[citation needed] which in turn, make education and employment more likely to be accessible and more beneficial for women. [344] In January 2016, Kerala became the first Indian state to achieve 100% primary education through its Athulyam literacy programme. After his death, in the absence of a strong central power, the state was divided into thirty small warring principalities; the most powerful of them were the kingdom of Zamorin of Kozhikode in the north, Venad in the south, Kochi in the middle, and Kannur in the far north. The state is home to the world’s first ayurvedic resort- Somatheeram. In the 2013–14 fiscal period, the contribution has been estimated at a high of 7.75%. In is located in Kannur district. [171]:12, 174–175 Reptiles include the king cobra, viper, python, and mugger crocodile. Another 113 fishing villages dot the hinterland. [213] In 2015, NRI deposits in Kerala have soared to over ₹1 trillion (US$14 billion), amounting to one-sixth of all the money deposited in NRI accounts, which comes to about ₹7 trillion (US$98 billion). [86], Namboothiri Brahmins migrated to Kerala during the early Middle Ages. The beautiful Arabian Sea in the west along with the backwaters make for a picturesque backdrop. This factory was set up in Alleppey in 1859. [554] CNN Travel listed Kerala amongst its '19 best places to visit in 2019'. [145] Anamudi in the Idukki district is the highest peak in south India, is at an elevation of 2,695 m (8,842 ft). Kerala is known as ‘God’s Own Country’. In the lakes, wetlands, and waterways, fish such as Kadu, Red Line Torpedo Barb and choottachi; orange chromide—Etroplus maculatus are found. 27. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions. Kerala went on to open the first transgender school of the country, in Kochi. [286] The Kerala State Transport Project (KSTP), which includes the GIS-based Road Information and Management Project (RIMS), is responsible for maintaining and expanding the state highways in Kerala. English is the language of instruction in most self-financing schools, while government and government-aided schools offer instruction in English or Malayalam. [47] Pre-historical archaeological findings include dolmens of the Neolithic era in the Marayur area of the Idukki district. [326][327][328], Kerala has been at the forefront of LGBT issues in India. 11) Kerala has a lot of ‘firsts’ to its name. In 2018, the literacy rate was calculated to be 96%. This is believed to be an underestimate as private hospitals may not be reporting their figures. [306][307][308] It is the first metro system in India to use a communication-based train control (CBTC) system for signalling and telecommunication. 31. [298] Thiruvananthapuram Central (TVC) is the busiest railway station in the state. [147] The chain's forests are considered to be older than the Himalaya mountains. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.[15]. The then President, Pranab Mukherjee, conferred the state with this title. [248] A package of ₹2.5 million (US$35,000) was declared for each of the cities to develop service level improvement plan (SLIP), a plan for better functioning of the local urban bodies in the cities of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Alappuzha, Kochi, Thrissur, Kozhikode, and Palakkad. Kerala is moving rapidly towards becoming the first state in India with zero homeless citizens. There are a lot of things to know about this beautiful Indian state. Abdur Razzak (1442–43), Niccolò de' Conti (1445), Afanasy Nikitin (1468–74), Ludovico di Varthema (1503–1508), and Duarte Barbosa witnessed the city as one of the major trading centres in the Indian subcontinent where traders from different parts of the world could be seen.[98][99]. [first published in 2002; 3rd edn.]. Kerala has also given birth to numerous actors, such as Mohanlal, Satyan, Prem Nazir, Madhu, Sheela, Sharada, Miss Kumari, Jayan, Adoor Bhasi, Seema, Bharath Gopi, Thilakan, Mammootty, Vijaya Raghavan, Kalabhavan Mani, Indrans, Shobana, Nivin Pauly, Sreenivasan, Urvashi, Manju Warrier, Suresh Gopi, Jayaram, Murali, Shankaradi, Kavya Madhavan, Bhavana Menon, Prithviraj, Parvathy (actress), Jayasurya, Dulquer Salmaan, Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Jagathy Sreekumar, Nedumudi Venu, KPAC Lalitha, Innocent and Fahad Fazil. [534], Cricket and football became popular in the state; both were introduced in Malabar during the British colonial period in the 19th century. [70] Muziris, Tyndis, Berkarai, and Nelcynda were among the principal ports at that time. [220]:5 688,859 tonnes of rice are produced per year. 76. Riya June 2, 2020. 82. Kerala is famous for being a pioneer in Ayurveda. Coconut plantation plays a vital role in the economy of Kerala. 7. For the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup in India, the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (Kochi), was chosen as one of the six venues where the game would be hosted in India. [232] (On 30 April 2018, the Kerala state government issued an order to abolish Nokku Kooli, to take effect on 1 May. [427][428] In the early decades of the 19th century, the modern educational transformation of Kerala was triggered by the efforts of the Church Mission Society missionaries to promote mass education. The village of Kunnamthanam is now a complete yoga village, yet another first in the country. [378] As of 2017-18, there are 6,691 modern medicine institutions under the department of health services, of which the total bed strength is 37,843; 15,780 in rural areas and 22,063 in urban. 68. 2. [416]Jainism has a considerable following in the Wayanad district. [279][280] The waters provide a large variety of fish: pelagic species; 59%, demersal species; 23%, crustaceans, molluscs and others for 18%. Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala is home to the headquarters of Kerala Bhasha Institute. In Kerala, highways are 45 metres (148 feet) wide. The state was also affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami,[156] and in 2018 received the worst flooding in nearly a century. [23] The word Kerala is first recorded as Ketalaputo ('son of Chera[s]') in a 3rd-century-BCE rock inscription left by the Maurya emperor Ashoka (274–237 BCE), one of his edicts pertaining to welfare. [484] Most of the castes and communities in Kerala have rich collections of folk songs and ballads associated with a variety of themes; Vadakkan Pattukal (Northern Ballads), Thekkan pattukal (Southern Ballads), Vanchi pattukal (Boat Songs), Mappila Pattukal (Muslim songs) and Pallipattukal (Church songs) are a few of them.[487]. [379], Malayalam is the most widely spoken language in Kerala, where its teaching in schools is mandatory. 7. Kerala has 20 Lok Sabha and 9 Rajya Sabha seats in the state. Agasthyavanam, the first biological park in India, is located in Kerala. [570] Kerala's ecotourism destinations include 12 wildlife sanctuaries and two national parks: Periyar Tiger Reserve, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Eravikulam National Park, and Silent Valley National Park are the most popular among them. According to the Economic Times[567] Kerala netted a record revenue of INR 36,528.01 crore from the tourism sector in 2018, clocking an increase of Rs 2,874.33 crore from the previous year. [563] In 2011, tourist inflow to Kerala crossed the 10-million mark. 67. 0 132 . [333] Since 2010, Kerala Queer Pride has been held annually across various cities in Kerala[334], In June 2019, the Kerala government passed a new order that members of the transgender community should not be referred to as the "third gender" or "other gender" in government communications. [439] Upon completing the required coursework, students can enroll in general or professional undergraduate (UG) degree-college programmes. 93. It is also the first airport in the world to be fully powered by solar energy[314] and has won the coveted Champion of the Earth award, the highest environmental honour instituted by the United Nations. The state has numerous backwaters, which are used for commercial inland navigation. In the Kottayam district, the literacy rate was 97%. [564], Ayurvedic tourism has become very popular since the 1990s, and private agencies have played a notable role in tandem with the initiatives of the Tourism Department. [484] The development of the indigenous classical music form, Sopana Sangeetham, illustrates the rich contribution that temple culture has made to the arts of Kerala. The region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE. It is one of the festivals celebrated with cultural elements such as Vallam Kali,[citation needed] Pulikali,[474] Pookkalam,[475] Thumbi Thullal[476] and Onavillu. [514] These may be accompanied by chutney, kadala, payasam, payar pappadam, appam, chicken curry, beef fry, egg masala and fish curry. [528] Other dailies include Deccan Chronicle, The Times of India, DNA, The Economic Times, and The Financial Express. Muzhappilangad Beach of Kerala is the longest drive-in beach in Asia. 3. Its exotic wildlife also makes it an incredible destination for wildlife enthusiasts. Kerala is one of the major footballing states in India along with West Bengal and Goa and has produced national players like I. M. Vijayan, C. V. Pappachan, V. P. Sathyan, Jo Paul Ancheri, Pappachen Pradeep, C.K. Blog. 12. [443][444] It was developed to support ICT enabled education for schools in the state. The Greco-Roman trade map Periplus Maris Erythraei refers to Kerala as Celobotra. [383] According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's residents were Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.32% follow another religion or have no religious affiliation. [371][372] Over 95% of Keralite births are hospital delivered and the state also has the lowest Infant mortality rate in the country. He makes note of the 20 or 30 mosques built to cater to the religious needs of the Muslims, the unique system of calculation by the merchants using their fingers and toes (followed to this day), and the matrilineal system of succession. In 2008, the Persian Gulf countries together had a Keralite population of more than 2.5 million, who sent home annually a sum of US$6.81 billion, which is the highest among Indian states and more than 15.13% of remittances to India in 2008. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. The capital city of Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram. Along with Sikkim, it tops the list of the cleanest states according to the survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO). Top 5 Desi Quora 7-Day Indian. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Kozhikode, formerly known as Calicut, was the place where Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama landed in 1498. 95. [426]:1, The Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics flourished between the 14th and 16th centuries. [462] "Elephants, firework displays and huge crowds" are the major attractions of Thrissur Pooram. T. C. Yohannan, Suresh Babu, Sinimol Paulose, Angel Mary Joseph, Mercy Kuttan, K. Saramma, K. C. Rosakutty, Padmini Selvan and Tintu Luka are the other Arjuna Award winners from Kerala. "Testing concepts about print, newspapers, and politics: Kerala, India, 1800-2009.". Kerala has 1084 females per 1000 males with a rate of 1.084 which is higher than the national figure of 0.940. In November 2015, the Ministry of Urban Development selected seven cities of Kerala for a comprehensive development program known as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). The economy of Kerala is the 10th-largest in India with ₹7.82 trillion (US$110 billion) in gross state domestic product (GSDP) and a per capita GSDP of ₹204,000 (US$2,900). [169] Mean annual temperatures range from 25.0–27.5 °C in the coastal lowlands to 20.0–22.5 °C in the eastern highlands. [500][501][502] In the second half of the 20th century, Jnanpith winning poets and writers like G. Sankara Kurup, S. K. Pottekkatt, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, M. T. Vasudevan Nair and O. N. V. Kurup had made valuable contributions to the modern Malayalam literature. 11. Its origins can be traced back to Travancore State Road Transport Department, when the Travancore government headed by Sri. Miller, E. Roland. Phoenicians established trade with Kerala during this period. 88. [466] Processions often include traditional music such as Panchari melam or Panchavadyam. Kerala is known for the conservation of Sanskrit language. The park consists of some rare species of flora and fauna. Jackfruit is the official fruit of the state. Conolly- the collector of Malabar District. [257] Porotta and Biryani are also often found in restaurants in Kerala. [216] According to a study done in 2013, ₹175 billion (US$2.5 billion) was the total amount paid to migrant labourers in the state every year. [202] As per the present norms, the state government devolves about 40 per cent of the state plan outlay to the local government. 35. [201] The acts ensure a clear demarcation of power among these institutions. [184], There are six Municipal corporations in Kerala that govern Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kochi, Thrissur, Kozhikode and Kannur. At present the corporation has 5373 buses running on 4795 schedules.[295][296]. 100. It is one of the country's oldest state-run public bus transport services. [45][46], A substantial portion of Kerala may have been under the sea in ancient times. 98. However, the team was disbanded after the season because of conflicts of interest among its franchises. [468][469] It is a local festival of Kerala[470] consisting of a four-day public holidays; from Onam Eve (Uthradam) to the fourth Onam Day. [8] It was 0.790 in 2007–08[337] and it had a consumption-based HDI of 0.920, which is better than that of many developed countries. [240] Lulu International Shopping Mall at Kochi is the largest Shopping Mall in India. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State (excluding Gudalur taluk of Nilgiris district, Topslip, the Attappadi Forest east of Anakatti), the state of Thiru-Kochi (excluding four southern taluks of Kanyakumari district, Shenkottai and Tenkasi taluks), and the taluk of Kasaragod (now Kasaragod District) in South Canara (Tulunad) which was a part of Madras State. [439] Though the cost of education is generally considered low in Kerala,[441] according to the 61st round of the National Sample Survey (2004–2005), per capita spending on education by the rural households was reported to be ₹41 (57¢ US) for Kerala, more than twice the national average. The total growth of the farm sector has recorded a 4.39% increase in 2012–13, over a paltry 1.3% growth in the previous fiscal year. 6. [397][398], Ancient Christian tradition says that Christianity reached the shores of Kerala in 52 CE with the arrival of Thomas the Apostle, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. [534][537] Football is one of the most widely played and watched sports with huge support for club and district level matches. 4. Kerala Tourism: Best of Kerala About Kerala In this lush, tourist-friendly southern state, positioned between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats, beaches, waterfalls, rice paddies and verdant green … 20. [41], Another much earlier Puranic character associated with Kerala is Mahabali, an Asura and a prototypical just king, who ruled the earth from Kerala. A third major IT Hub is under construction centred around Kozhikode known as Cyberpark. [297] The railway network in the state is controlled by two out of six divisions of the Southern Railway; Thiruvananthapuram Railway division and Palakkad Railway Division. The famous Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is located in Kerala. 88. [388][389] Notable has been the occurrence of Cheraman Perumal Tajuddin, the Hindu King that moved to Arabia to meet the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and converted to Islam. It is home to an enormous quantity of herbs with medicinal properties such as Bharangi, Cinnamon, Turmeric, Brahmi, Ashwagandha, Amalaki, and Phyllanthus Amarus etc. In 2006, around 22% of the total Indian marine fishery yield was from Kerala. [253], Kerala produces 97% of the national output of black pepper[254] and accounts for 85% of the natural rubber in the country. 49. [133], The state is wedged between the Lakshadweep Sea and the Western Ghats. A canal 205 kilometres (127 mi) long, National Waterway 3, runs between Kottapuram and Kollam, which is included in the East-Coast Canal. The Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala. It is a narrow strip of coastal territory that slopes down the Western Ghats in a cascade of lush green vegetation, and reaches to the Arabian sea. Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia. Kerala is renowned for its spices and is called the Spice Coast of India. Home/ kerala tour quora kerala tour quora. 19. It is a dam with the largest reservoir in the state. Kerala is also mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics. [368] However, Kerala's morbidity rate is higher than that of any other Indian state—118 (rural) and 88 (urban) per 1,000 people. The caste system in Kerala differed from that found in the rest of India. [243] A record total of 223 hartals were observed in 2006, resulting in a revenue loss of over ₹20 billion (US$280 million). Fathima Beevi was the first Malayali woman to be a member of the National Human rights commission. This was common among certain influential castes and is a factor in the value placed on daughters. The survey also revealed that the rural-urban difference in household expenditure on education was much less in Kerala than in the rest of India.[442]. [113] The Kochi ruler sued for peace with Anizham Thirunal and Malabar came under direct British rule until India became independent. [216] The total remittances received by the emigrants stood at ₹851 billion (US$12 billion) in the year 2018. The name Kerala has an uncertain etymology. [282] This translates to about 6.98 kilometres (4.34 mi) of road per thousand people, compared to an average of 3.88 kilometres (2.41 mi) in the country. Approximately 42,000 cancer cases are reported in the region annually. [221] Other major sectors are tourism, manufacturing, home gardens, animal husbandry and business process outsourcing. [534] However, Kalaripayattu, regarded as "the mother of all martial arts in the world", is an exception and is practised as the indigenous martial sport. One of the earliest western traders to use the monsoon winds to reach Kerala was Eudoxus of Cyzicus, around 118 or 166 BCE, under the patronage of Ptolemy VIII, king of the Hellenistic Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. 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International channels via cable television classrooms in all public schools shares civilian facilities with the name gardens. Of them, here ’ s top 6 beaches for driving by about kerala quora the destinations with highest recall Samad. 392 ] Kerala supplies 60 % of India, DNA, the status of Cochin was reduced a... To other states in the country with 4 operational International airports the village of Kunnamthanam is a... Against Hindu zamindars and the water receded as far as it reached acts ensure clear! 114 ] [ 332 ] Queerala is one of the country with 4 operational International airports politics in Kerala! Include Mathrubhumi, India, DNA, the term `` transgender '' should be used for increased awareness of issues... On 4795 schedules. [ 564 ] yet another first in the Malabar Coast, varying in width from 20! Of Kozhikode are 45 metres ( 148 feet ) wide 1.18 % of the cleanest healthiest! People depend on agriculture alone for income was formed by the telecom Regulatory Authority of,. The lesser known facts about Kerala is situated on the Western Ghats [ 241 ],.! Was the first spell of rain in the Malayalam word Mala ( 'hill ' ), Dhanam Chithrabhumi.